Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a term used to refer to atherosclerotic blockages found in the lower extremity. In the USA peripheral arterial disease affects 12–20% of Americans age 65 and older. Approximately 10 million Americans have PVD. The symptoms of PVD often go unrecognized. Diagnosis is critical, as people with PAD have a four to five times higher risk of heart attack or stroke. Are you at risk for PVD? Take the online risk assessment.